How To Record a Bass Drum in Your Home Studio

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Echoes’ Andre Calilhanna talks with producer/engineer/studio owner Jon Marc Weiss to discuss techniques for recording kick drum in your home recording studio.

recording kick drum

When recording a kick drum, I’ve seen people stuff all sorts of things in there to try to control the ringing – what are your recommendations for what to use and how much?
The first thing I do when recording kick drum is have a drummer take everything out of the drum and listen to what’s going on. You need to make sure that the beater head is evenly tuned, to start with. You’ll get some strange ill effects if you’ve got one side tuned higher than the other. You kinda get this “ba-uum” sound with an additional tail to the hit.

For muffling, I’ve used sandbags, really thin ones, like the ones you might find for physical therapy or something – those things filed with sand are awesome inside a kick drum. A pillow or dense foam can work as well, but they tend to absorb some of the high frequency energy, so keep that in mind.

But I’ve worked with drummers who won’t take their front head off and refuse to cut a hole in it, and I’ve had to work with that. In some cases they got the tuning to sound pretty amazing, so it worked out pretty well. I wound up putting a mic on either side of the bass drum, with the front mic out of phase, and the end result was actually pretty good.

The biggest issue with having the mic outside the drum is the bleed. Bleed from the cymbals and from the other drums, which can be a real problem for the kick, because it’s driving the entire song and a lot of times when you’re mixing you want to gate your kick and snare. I wasn’t able to gate the kick and had to work with more of an open sound, which isn’t always a bad thing.

So you used the overheads and a mic on the front (non-beater) head?
Yes, and with good results too! It really depends on what you’re trying to capture and also your budget. I’ve heard some decent home recordings where there was a mic in the kick or in front of the kick and a pair of mics overhead and it can work really well, depending on the room you’re in.

Ideally, how many mics are you using on a kick drum?
Two is pretty typical. I usually start with a mic in the middle of the drum pointed at the beater at a 45º angle. You don’t really want to put the mic right behind the beater, facing it straight on, because you can pretty easily over-extend the diaphragm and distort the transformer, as well as produce other unwanted effects.

The next thing I do is make a teepee. You take a boom mic stand at a 90º angle, and you place the arm of the boom on top of the kick drum – making sure there’s foam or something between the stand and the drum so you don’t scratch the drum up. Then take a heavy blanket, like a moving blanket, something really dense, and you make a tent out of it. At the end of the tent, I put a shotgun microphone (like the Sennheiser 416), and that’s where I get the extended low end. You can use any mic really, but I prefer the sound of the shotgun I’ve been using for over 20 years for this application.

Sometimes I might add a third mic on the beater side, in front of the beater, to pick up the beater sound. Those three together are pretty amazing, because there are lots of situations where you might want to hear the heavy beater sound and even pick up the pedal noise as well. Like Paul McCartney’s, “Dance Tonight,” where the whole thing is driven by the kick drum… it just sounds a little more natural, like you’re in the room. It’s certainly not right for every situation.

Senn421EVRE20AKGD112What are your go-to mics?
There are so many great mics, and so many mic techniques you can use, but the first one I’m typically going to go to is the AKG D112. If I’m going for a darker tone I’ll grab my vintage AKG D12E or an Electro-voice RE20. Another mic I like to use is the Sennheiser 421 – there are three generations of these and each one provides a slightly different tone.

I’ve mic’d my kick drum where, rather than having the mic all the way inside the drum, it’s just crossing the threshold of the head – the front end of the mic is just peeking into the drum.
I have a couple of issues with that, especially if the hole is close to the same size as the mic. First, the air is going to constantly be hitting the mic. Now you probably have a pop filter on there, but that can ultimately produce some very ill effects. All the air is moving in and out of that hole, and that air is going to move the diaphragm unnecessarily. There’s air moving even after you hit that drum. You’re making the diaphragm move when it doesn’t have to.

Maybe for live that could work, but for the studio, I’m always working somewhere in the middle of the drum. Sometimes I’m no more than 2″ from where the beater is smacking the head, and that’s going to give me a real tappy sound. As I pull the mic further from the head, it’s going to take away some of that articulation and give me a more boomy sound. You really can change the sound quite a bit by altering the angle and pulling the mic either in or out.

FalamSlamDo you have a preference for the material the beater is made out of?
It depends on the style of music. I’ve had situations where I’ve changed out the beater, from a felt beater to a wood or a plastic beater to get a little more attack. I’ve also taped a coin, a quarter or a dime, onto the head on the beater side, to get this tappy, heavy metal, Megadeath “click” to the bass drum sound. You can buy these pads from Remo (Falam Slam) that do the same thing. It’s not a sound everyone loves, but it can work well in songs that have a lot of heavy guitar tracks.


Any other tricks up your sleeve?
One trick that can be used alternatively to the teepee setup is to use a woofer speaker as a microphone. Sounds crazy, but it can work really well to get some air moving! I’ve mostly seen engineers use old Yamaha NS10 woofers, but you can use anything you have around the house as long as it isn’t too large or too small. A 5” to 8” speaker will work best. You can make one by cutting of the end of a guitar cable and connecting the bare wire to the positive and negative terminals of the speaker. Then you take the 1/4″ plug end of the cable, connect it to a direct box and connect to your mic input. Be careful when you bring up the channel on your system because a lot of low end will be coming in and you don’t want to blow up your monitors. Yamaha is actually manufacturing these things now, it’s called the Subkick, and it’s starting to become commonplace in many studios.

Bass drum image via ShutterStock.com.

Jon Marc Weiss is the Senior IT Systems Engineer for Disc Makers and also an accomplished recording engineer, studio designer, and musician with over 20 years’ experience. He owns and operates Kiva Productions right outside of Philadelphia in Hollywood, PA to develop local and national acts. Check out Kiva Productions on Facebook.

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9 thoughts on “How To Record a Bass Drum in Your Home Studio

    1. I own one (Audix D6) and it’s a decent mic. However, I use AKG D12E and D112 almost all of the time. I’ve used the D6 on a bass cabinet and it sounded better than an EV RE20 in that situation. I still think the D112 is the most versitile mic, if you only have one. Recently, I tried a SM57 in the bass drum pointed at the beater and a Yamaha subkick in front of the drum and it sounded amazing! It was an enormous kick drum, probably the largest I’ve ever worked with and the AKGs sounded too boomy, so I figured I’d try the 57 to tighten the sound up a bit. Worked really well and the drummer was very pleased. Before you go out and purchase a bass oriented dynamic mic, try a 57 and save some $$$. Spend $$$ on hte instrument and less on the mic, unless you have the funds to do both.

  1. One method that is working well for my studio kick is to mic it as described previously with the “teepee” and the only difference being that the “third mic” is actually the same as my bottom side snare mic…I just position it to get the balance of back/underside that the drummer actually hears sitting on the throne. I use a small diaprhagm condensor, capturing the snare and beater sound much like the overheads are getting the top of the kit. (be sure to check phasing) My next plan is to get a sub-kick in the mix and be able to blend all the elements to match the drummer and style of music.

  2. Question: the shotgun mic in the ‘teepee’ method – where is it pointing? At the shell? At the beater head? Or is it just picking up ambient lows around the drum, so direction isn’t important?

    1. You’ll want to aim the shotgun mic at the front head. The tent is open on both ends. One side is the SG mic and the other side is the front head of the kick. I’ve had great results with this setup. It’ll really get your woofers moving!

  3. As a drummer and engineer, I agree 100% with Jon’s method of tuning the drum first! Work with the drummer to start with a good sound. What a novel concept! 😉

    I also appreciate the fact that he cares enough about the drummer’s instrument to be concerned about scratching the bass drum. Too many engineers have done things like sticking gaff tape on the shell of my drums without thinking that might not be OK… Also, he doesn’t get thrown off when there’s no hole in front of the bass drum. As a drummer, I use a front head with a hole. As an engineer, I will work with what the drummer brings to the table. That’s the fun part!

    -peace-

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