Icons who had a significant impact on shaping modern music are among the musicians who died in 2017. Chuck Berry, Gregg Allman, Allan Holdsworth, and Chris Cornell are some of the artists we pay tribute to.
Chuck Berry, 90
Guitarist, singer, songwriter – died 3/18/17 of natural causes
Chuck Berry is heralded by many as the greatest of rock and roll’s early pioneers. John Lennon, Brian Wilson, Keith Richards, and a multitude of rock and roll’s royalty credit Berry’s songwriting, guitar playing, and showmanship as a game-changer, ushering in the dawn of rock and roll. Berry’s debut release in 1957, After School Session, was only the second album released by Chess Records, and included “Maybellene,” which sold over a million copies and hit #1 on Billboard‘s R&B chart. His first attempts at music were waylaid by an armed robbery charge when he was in high school, but eight years after his release from a reformatory, Berry waded into music and made his mark. He landed in prison a second time in 1962, but before and after that, he scored multiple hits with classics like “Maybellene,” “Roll Over Beethoven,” “Rock and Roll Music,” “Johnny B. Goode,” “No Particular Place to Go,” “You Never Can Tell,” and “Nadine.” He was in the first class of inductees in the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1986, along with Elvis Presley, James Brown, Little Richard, Fats Domino, Ray Charles, Sam Cooke, the Everly Brothers, Buddy Holly, and Jerry Lee Lewis. He found trouble with the law and landed in prison for a third time for tax evasion in 1979, and his creative output was stymied after that. He spent the last thirty years of his career playing the oldies circuit, issuing a concert recording in 1987 to commemorate his 60th birthday. Voyager’s Golden Record, which features musical selections from different cultures and eras and spoken greetings from Earth-people in fifty-five language, includes one rock and roll track: Berry’s 1958 recording of “Jonny B. Goode.”
Chris Cornell, 52
Singer, guitarist, songwriter with Soundgarden, Audioslave, Temple of The Dog, and more – died 5/18/17 by suicide by hanging
Widely regarded as one of the greatest rock vocalists of all time, Chris Cornell was born Christopher John Boyle in Seattle, WA in 1964. A founding member of Soundgarden and Temple of The Dog, Cornell also fronted Audioslave and had a solo career that saw him release four studio albums. But long before his successful career, Cornell struggled with substance abuse – dating back to when he was 12 years old. He battled social anxiety (he described having agoraphobia) tracing it to a bad PCP trip when he was 14, and explains that piano, drums, and rock and roll music were what enabled him to overcome his anxieties and face the world. It’s hard to imagine, as whatever his project, from the grunge/prog/metal assault that was Soundgarden, to his acoustic-based solo efforts and hard-rock explorations with Audioslave, Cornell’s soaring, soulful, and powerful voice was the prototypical bar by which his contemporaries were measured. After breaking up in 1997, Soundgarden reunited in 2010, playing Lollapalooza that year and ultimately releasing its sixth studio album, King Animal, in 2012. By then, Cornell was sober, noting the “absence of alcohol” being a major difference in the band’s new iteration, which made his death by suicide that much more shocking. Soundgarden had played a show earlier that evening in Detroit, and Cornell’s widow reported that she had spoken to him and that he had possibly taken an extra dose or two of Ativan, a prescription drug used to treat anxiety disorders or anxiety associated with depression. Ativan’s side effects include paranoid or suicidal ideation and impaired memory, judgment, and coordination – but while the coroner report showed an elevated level of Ativan in Cornell’s system, it was below the 300 ng/mL level associated with death by the drug, so the official cause of death was suicide by hanging with an exercise band.
Gregg Allman, 69
Singer, keyboardist, guitarist with The Allman Brothers Band and solo artist/bandleader – died 5/27/17 of liver cancer
Gregg Allman picked up the guitar before his older brother Duane did, but when Duane surpassed his abilities, Gregg turned to the keyboards and microphone to put his stamp on what was to be known as one of the most important American bands in rock music history: The Allman Brothers Band. Gregg’s contributions also included penning some of the group’s most notable songs, including “Whipping Post” and “Midnight Rider,” and his 50-year music career included numerous solo releases, notably 1973’s Laid Back, 1977’s Playin’ Up A Storm (with teh Gregg Allman Band), and 1977’s disasterous Two The Hard Way, a collaboration with his then-wife Cher. Speaking of wives, Allman was married seven times, most recently in February 2017, just before his death. Allman’s drug addictions (heroin, cocaine) had major impacts on his life and career. In the mid-’70s, he was forced to testify in a drug trial against his Allman Brothers Band road manager and bodyguard, which led to the break-up of the band, and in 2007, he announced he was diagnosed with Hepatitis C. In 2010 he had a liver transplant, and he suffered from respiratory and heart illnesses in his later years. With 18 releases, two Grammy Awards – including a lifetime achievement award in 2012 – and an induction into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1995 (the first year it was eligible), The Allman Brothers Band served as a study in endurance, weathering death, addiction, and career turmoil. Gregg Allman, for his part, continued to play and record to the end. His last release, Southern Blood, is scheduled for a September 2017 release.
Chester Bennington, 41
Singer for Linkin Park, Dead By Sunrise, Stone Temple Pilots (2013-2015) – died 7/20/17 of apparent suicide by hanging
In the late ’90s, singer Chester Bennington auditioned for drummer Rob Bourdon, guitarist Brad Delson, MC Mike Shinoda, bassist Dave “Phoenix” Farrell, and DJ Joseph Hahn’s band, who were operating under the name Hybrid Theory after their original singer quit when the band’s demo (under the name Xero) failed to arouse label interest. Shortly after the band signed Bennington on, it released Hybrid Theory, which spawned the hits “Crawling” and “In The End” and went on to sell more than 10 million copies and become one of the most successful debut albums in history. Linkin Park went on to release seven studio albums between 2000-2017, with plenty of touring and mash-ups/remix albums released along the way that further pushed the band’s blend of metal, electronic, rap, and DJ-effected music. Bennington was born in Phoenix, AZ, and had a childhood that included weathering his parents’ divorce when he was 11, being bullied at school, and abusing drugs and alcohol at a young age. These struggles, as well as his coping with having been sexually abused for years as a child, certainly contributed to the vulnerable, cathartic, and emotional singing he provided Linkin Park. But Bennington had other aspirations, and formed a side project in 2005, Dead By Sunrise, which released Out Of Ashes in 2009. In 2013, Bennington replaced Scott Wieland as the vocalist for Stone Temple Pilots, pulling off the high-wire act of fronting two enormously popular bands simultaneously. In fact, Bennington and STP released the EP High Rise the same month Linkin Park released its Recharged remix album. A long-time friend of Chris Cornell – Bennington was godfather to Cornell’s son – it was Bennington who sang Leonard Cohen’s “Hallelujah” at Cornell’s funeral service after his suicide by hanging, tweeting a week later, “Feeling very creative this last week. I’ve written 6 songs and I’m happy with all of them.” Linkin Park was scheduled to embark on a tour in support of its May 2017 release, One More Light. Bennington apparently hanged himself on what would have been Cornell’s 53rd birthday.
Butch Trucks, 69
Drummer, co-founder of the Allman Brothers – died of a self-inflicted gunshot wound 1/24/17
Butch Trucks’ drumming career began in junior high school, playing drums and tympani for the school band in Jacksonville, FL. He formed bands of his own during his high school years, and it was while he was playing with his band Bitter Ind. that he first crossed paths with Duane and Gregg Allman, who asked him to sit on in a gig with their band. Two years later, in 1969, The Allman Brothers Band was formed, with Butch sharing drum duties with Jai Johanny “Jaimoe” Johanson. Gregg Allman once described Jaimoe as “the pocket player,” which gave Trucks room to do his “freight train, meat-and-potatoes thing” for the band. The Allman Brothers Band, who were inducted into the Rock And Roll Hall Of Fame in 1995, went through myriad stages of popularity and influence, starting with its third release, 1971’s At Fillmore East. It was with that album that the Allmans’ blend of southern rock and musical acumen translated to a wide audience and propelled them to be one of the most influential American bands of the seventies (and beyond). It was just after the Fillmore release that Duane Allman died, the first major setback the band would endure. The Allman Brothers Band broke up and reformed three times, with Trucks playing drums throughout (save for a brief period in the ’80s), until he announced he was leaving the band in 2014, playing his last show on October 28, 2014. He had formed Butch Trucks and the Freight Train Band, and had shows booked into the spring of 2017, but tragically Trucks shot himself in the head with a pistol in his West Palm Beach home in January.
Allan Holdsworth, 70
Jazz fusion and rock guitarist and composer – died 4/15/17 of a heart attack
In addition to the dozen-plus solo albums and various collaborative records he released since the early ’70s, the list of bands Allan Holdsworth played in includes Tony Williams’ Lifetime, Tempest, Gong, and Soft Machine. The guitarists who credit Holdsworth as a major influence and someone who forever changed the electric guitar is a master list of contemporary talent, including Eddie Van Halen, Joe Satriani (who said in a Guitar Player interview that Holdsworth’s “brilliant approach to harmony is completely original, beautiful and spellbinding”), Greg Howe, Alex Lifeson, and Frank Zappa (who considered Holdsworth a “game-changer” and “one of the most interesting guys on guitar on the planet”). Pretty amazing, considering Holdsworth didn’t pick up the guitar until the age of 17 – he started as a saxophone player – and worth noting as Holdsworth was appreciated for his advanced knowledge of music, with his own compositions incorporating complex chord progressions and intricate solos comprised of myriad scale forms. Holdsworth was also notable for his work with the SynthAxe, a guitar controller (complete with strings) that Holdsworth used on a number of recordings. Indeed, he was awarded “Best Guitar Synthesist” in Guitar Player magazine’s readers polls from 1989-1994. Blues for Tony came in 2010, Holdsworth’s final original release, though 2017’s release of The Man Who Changed Guitar Forever! (a title Holdsworth reportedly disliked), collected all of his solo albums plus bonus material. He died just one week after its release.
J. Geils, 71
Guitarist, leader of The J. Geils Band – died 4/11/17 of natural causes
Born John Warren Geils Jr. in New York City, J. Geils left for Boston to study mechanical engineering at Worcester Polytechnic Institute in the mid-1960s. Originally a jazz trumpet player, Geils had switched to blues guitar and formed an acoustic blues trio, Snoopy and the Sopwith Camels while in Boston. After meeting Peter Wolf and Stephen Jo Bladd, Geils formed The J. Geils Blues Band along with Danny Klein and Magic Dick Salwitz, adding Seth Justman before the band released its debut album in 1970, dropping the “blues” and being christened The J. Geils Band. The early albums garnered decent reviews and moderate sales, but it was the band’s live show that earned its reputation and ever-growing following. As sales were flagging after numerous releases on Atlantic records, The J. Geils Band moved to EMI and began moving away from the pure bar-band sound they had established and began venturing into new wave and pop. The resulting albums were the band’s best sellers: 1978’s Sanctuary, 1980’s Love Stinks, and 1981’s blockbuster Freeze Frame, which included the chart-topping “Centerfold,” “Flamethrower” and the hit title track. Ironically, big-time success spelled trouble for the band, and Wolf departed during the recording of the Freeze Frame‘s follow-up, ultimately resulting in the demise of the band. Geils turned his attention to cars, opening KTR Motorsports to service and repair vintage sports cars. In 1993, J. Geils and Magic Dick formed a contemporary blues band, Magic Dick and Jay Geils, which released Bluestime in 1994 and Little Car Blues in 1996.
John Wetton, 67
Singer, bassist, and songwriter with King Crimson, Asia, Uriah Heep (among others). Died 1/31/17 after a battle with colon cancer.
From Billboard: One of the most technically proficient and in-demand rock instrumentalists of the ’70s and ’80s, John Wetton worked with a number of bands in his early career before coming to national prominence as the new singer and bassist for prog-rock legends King Crimson in 1972. After that group was disbanded a couple years later, Wetton spent time with the similarly renowned art-rock outfits Roxy Music and Uriah Heep, and formed the group U.K. with Crimson drummer Bill Bruford. In the ’80s, Wetton briefly launched a solo career before joining his most commercially successful outfit: Asia, a supergroup also featuring members of Yes and Emerson, Lake & Palmer. The group’s self-titled debut album was a smash, topping the Billboard 200 Albums chart for nine weeks and spawning Hot 100 top 20 hits with “Heat of the Moment” and “Only Time Will Tell.” He was fired from the group after underwhelming sales for 1983’s follow-up Alpha but rehired a few years later, bouncing in and out of the lineup before permanently rejoining in the late ’00s. His legacy includes King Crimson’s Larks’ Tongue in Aspic, Starless and Bible Black, and Red; Uriah Heep’s Return to Fantasy; and six album’s with, Asia, his biggest commercial success.
Buddy Greco, 90
Singer, pianist – died 1/10/17 of natural causes
In a career that spanned six decades, Armando “Buddy” Greco recorded over 60 albums that spanned genres – including jazz, pop, and country – and ran with the Rat Pack in the ’50s and ’60s. His biggest single was the million-seller “The Lady Is A Tramp,” with other notables including “Oh Look A-There,” “Ain’t She Pretty,” “Up, Up and Away,” and “Around the World.” Greco’s career spanned a wide range of accomplishments, including conducting the London Symphony Orchestra and performing with The Beatles for Queen Elizabeth II. He started young: Greco began singing and playing piano on the radio at the age of four, and was hired as a pianist, singer, and arranger by Benny Goodman when he was 16 after Goodman saw him play in his hometown Philadelphia’s Club 13 nightclub. During the ’60s, Greco pursued a career in film and TV, becoming a regular on the TV series Away We Go and landing a part in the 1969 film, The Girl Who Knew Too Much. Greco scored over 100 hit singles, as well as composing and recording scores for film and television. His last appearance on stage was in Las Vegas in November 2016, when he was inducted into the Las Vegas Entertainment Hall of Fame.
Al Jarreau, 76
Jazz fusion singer and musician – died 2/12/17 of respiratory failure
Dubbed the “acrobat of scat,” Al Jarreau brought a personal flair to his contemporary jazz pop. His career peaked in the early ’80s with his album Breakin’ Away, which included the hit “We’re In This Love Together.” He also scored a hit with the theme from Moonlighting later in the decade. Born in Milwaukee, WI, this son of a vicar moved to Los Angeles to give his music career a shot. Nominated for over 20 Grammy Awards, Jarreau won seven, and remains the only vocalist to score Grammys in three different categories – he won them for jazz, pop, and R&B. At the height of his celebrity, Jarreau was included on the “We Are The World” single. He remained an active singer, performer, and advocate, specifically championing literacy and music education for children. His health troubles began in 2010, culminating in his being hospitalized for exhaustion in February 2017. Two days after announcing his retirement, he died in Los Angeles.
John Thomas “Sib” Hashian, 67
Drummer, best known for playing with Boston – died 3/22/17 of a heart attack
In 1975, Sib Hashian was recruited to replace original drummer Jim Masdea for the recording of the album Boston. He stayed on to record and tour the album’s follow up, 1978’s Don’t Look Back, and was part of the initial sessions for Boston’s third album when bandleader Tom Scholz brought Masdea back into the mix and Hashian was out of the band. He had a contentious fallout with Scholz, ultimately suing for unpaid royalties and settling out of court. He went on to play with Boston’s guitarist, Barry Goudreau on his solo effort, and played periodically with members of Boston, including singer Brad Delp, recording again with Goudreau on the 2006 Ernie and the Automatics’ album Low Expectations. He died after collapsing while performing on the Legends of Rock Cruise at sea near Nassau, Bahamas.
Paul O’Neill, 61
Composer, lyricist, producer, songwriter, founder of Trans-Siberian Orchestra – died 4/5/17 of “chronic illness”
As a guitarist, Paul O’Neill played in bands in his native New York, but it was as a producer and industry professional that he really made his name. Working as a producer with Aerosmith, Badlands, and ultimately the metal band Savatage, with whom he worked on 10 albums, he connected with Jon Oliva, Bob Kinkel, and Al Pitrelli, with whom he went on to form Tran-Sibeian Orchestra. “I wanted to take the very best of all the forms of music I grew up on and merge them into a new style,” O’Neill once said. “Basically I was building on the work of everybody I worshipped: the rock opera parts from bands like the Who; the marriage of classical and rock from bands like Emerson, Lake & Palmer and Queen; the over-the-top light show from bands like Pink Floyd… I always wanted to do a full rock opera with a full progressive band and at least 24 lead singers.” Releasing three Christmas albums, plus another three releases from 1996-2015, Trans-Siberian Orchestra was famous for its live show and huge ticket sales, though its debut record, Christmas Eve And Other Stories, enjoyed triple Platinum sales.
Matt Holt, 39
Vocalist, Nothingface and Kingdom of Snakes – died 4/15/17 of an unspecified degenerative disease
Capable of shifting from an almost sweet melodic delivery to a hoarse, brutal bark, Matt Holt was the voice of Nothingface, a Washington D.C. metal band that graduated from its indie DCide label, on which the band released two albums in the late ’90s, to TVT Records, which issued two critical and popular efforts, 2000’s Violence and 2003’s Skeletons. The band was working on follow-up material when it ran into creative differences. Holt started a new band, Kingdom of Snakes, but never issued any recordings with that or Nothingface, which re-banded for a brief time in the late 2000s. Holt had apparently been suffering with a degenerative disease for years before his untimely death in April.
Bobby Freeman, 76
Soul and R&B singer and songwriter – died 1/23/17 of natural causes
Born and raised in San Francisco, CA, Bobby Freeman started singing in a doo-wop group called the Romancers as a teenager and first recorded with them for Dootone Records in 1956. He’s most famous for his single, which he wrote, “Do You Want to Dance,” which peaked at #2 on the R&B charts in 1958 when he was only 17. His other hit songs include “Betty Lou Got a New Pair of Shoes” and “Need Your Love,” with “C’mon and Swim” being his second Top 5 song in 1964. “Do You Wanna Dance” was covered by a host of artists, including Del Shannon, the Beach Boys, Johnny Rivers, Bette Midler, John Lennon, Cliff Richard, Marc Bolan & T.Rex, the Mamas & The Papas, Bobby Vee, and the Ramones. The song was also included on the American Graffiti soundtrack.
Maggie Roche, 65
Singer, songwriter, guitarist – died 1/21/17 from cancer
The eldest of the three sisters (Maggie, Terre, and Suzzy) who made up The Roches, Maggie Roche was the principal songwriter of the unusual folk trio that hailed from Park Ridge, New Jersey, known for their “rich” harmonies, quirky lyrics, and comedic stage performances. Over the course of their career, The Roches recorded and performed solo, as a trio, and in pairs. Maggie and Terre got their initial break when Paul Simon brought them in as back-up singers on his 1973 album, There Goes Rhymin’ Simon. In all, the group released 10 albums between 1979 and 2007 and collaborated with many luminaries along the way, including Simon, Television, Robert Fripp, and King Crimson.
Tommy Page, 46
Singer, songwriter, music executive – died 3/4/17 of apparent suicide
Best known for his #1 song, “I’ll Be Your Everything,” Tommy Page had a brief run at stardom in the US, maintaining a larger fan base and longer active music career in Asia, signing with the Japanese label Pony Canyon Records. He released seven albums in all, and worked as an executive at Warner Bros. Records, working with Michael Bublé, Alanis Morissette, Josh Groban, and Green Day.
More to come on…
Peter Overend Watts, 69
Bassist for Mott The Hoople. Died 1/22/17 after a bout with throat cancer.
Geoff Nicholls, 68
Black Sabbath keyboardist. Died 1/28/17 from lung cancer.
His work can be found on nine Sabbath albums, beginning with 1980’s Heaven and Hell.
Steve Lang, 67
Bassist for April Wine. Died 2/4/17 while battling Parkinson’s disease.
Clyde Stubblefield, 73
Drummer best known for his work with James Brown. Died 2/18/17 of kidney failure (reportedly).
Lyle Ritz, 87
Bass player and jazz ukelele musician. Died 3/3/17.
Robert ‘P-Nut’ Johnson, 69
Singer, Parliament/Funkadelic. Died 3/12/17.
Joey Alves, 63
Founding rhythm guitarist with hard-rock band Y&T. Died 3/12/17 after a struggle with ulcerative colitis.
James Cotton, 81
Blues harmonica player. Died 3/16/17 of pneumonia.
Lonnie Brooks, 83
Blues singer and guitarist. Died 4/1/17.
Keni Richards, 60
Drummer for Autograph. Died 4/8/17.
Banner Thomas, 63
Bassist for Molly Hatchet. Died 4/10/17 after battling pneumonia.
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